Endoscopy

An Endoscopy is a diagnostic tool that involves inserting an endoscope through a natural orifice to examine the interior of the organs.

The endoscope is a thin flexible tube which contains a light and a lens that allows visualization of body cavities. Depending on the orifice through which the endoscope is inserted, we find:

  • Mouth to duodenum: upper endoscopy or diagnostic oral panendoscopy, which shows the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
  • Anus-to-cecum: lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, which shows the rectum and sigmoid colon.

Endoscopy, besides being a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure, can also perform biopsies.

When possible, it will be performed under anesthetic sedation for patient comfort.

Related techniques