An Endoscopy is a diagnostic tool that involves inserting an endoscope through a natural orifice to examine the interior of the organs.
The endoscope is a thin flexible tube which contains a light and a lens that allows visualization of body cavities. Depending on the orifice through which the endoscope is inserted, we find:
- Mouth to duodenum: upper endoscopy or diagnostic oral panendoscopy, which shows the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
- Anus-to-cecum: lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, which shows the rectum and sigmoid colon.
Endoscopy, besides being a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure, can also perform biopsies.
When possible, it will be performed under anesthetic sedation for patient comfort.
- GastroscopyIt consist in the exploration of the upper digestive tract through an endoscope that is inserted through the mouth.
- PancolonoscopyExploration of all lower gastrointestinal tube (anus, rectum, sigmoid, rest of colon) with an endoscope that is inserted through the anus.
- ColonoscopyExploration of all lower gastrointestinal tube (anus, rectum, sigmoid, rest of colon) with an endoscope that is inserted through the anus.