An Endoscopy is a diagnostic tool that involves inserting an endoscope through a natural orifice to examine the interior of the organs.
The endoscope is a thin flexible tube which contains a light and a lens that allows visualization of body cavities. Depending on the orifice through which the endoscope is inserted, we find:
- Mouth to duodenum: upper endoscopy or diagnostic oral panendoscopy, which shows the esophagus, stomach and duodenum.
- Anus-to-cecum: lower gastrointestinal endoscopy, which shows the rectum and sigmoid colon.
Endoscopy, besides being a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure, can also perform biopsies.
When possible, it will be performed under anesthetic sedation for patient comfort.
GastroscopyIt consist in the exploration of the upper digestive tract through an endoscope that is inserted through the mouth.
PancolonoscopyExploration of all lower gastrointestinal tube (anus, rectum, sigmoid, rest of colon) with an endoscope that is inserted through the anus.
ColonoscopyExploration of all lower gastrointestinal tube (anus, rectum, sigmoid, rest of colon) with an endoscope that is inserted through the anus.