This type of surgery comprises diseases and problems present in the esophagus and stomach and their treatment. The esophagus is the upper gastrointestinal tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. The food reaches the stomach and is mixed with gastric juice, carrying out the digestion of food. Then the contents of the stomach pass into the small intestine to continue its path through the digestive tract intestine.
The gastroesophageal surgery includes the definitive treatment of:
- Reflux disease or hiatal hernia
- The achalasia (difficulty in swallowing because of the narrowing of the end of the esophagus)
- Esophageal diverticula
- Esophagus resection
- Stomach resection
- Gastric derivations into the intestine
Although most cases are benign diseases, surgery in patients with malignancies is still needed. Still in these cases, results are excellent and survival rates are showing better results every day.
Hiatal HerniaThis technique allows patients to eat normally preventing stomach acid from flowing back into the esophagus.
Heller MyotomyIt consists in dilating the narrowing at the gastroesophageal junction.
Total GastrectomyIt is stomach resection due to tumoral process.
Subtotal GastrectomyIt consists of partial resection of the stomach due to a tumor process.
General AnesthesiaIt consists of the administration of powerful intravenous drugs.